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Folkscanomy Science: Books of a Scientific Nature
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An introductory guide to SPSS
Topic: An introductory guide to SPSS
Community Texts
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PubMed Central
by Mousavi, Seyyed Abbas; Masoumi, Seyyedeh Zahra; Keramat, Afsaneh; Pooralajal, Jalal; Shobeiri, Fatemeh
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This article is from Journal of Reproduction & Infertility , volume 14 . Abstract Background: Infertility has potentially inappropriate effects on quality of life in infertile couples. Various general and specific questionnaires have been structured for assessing different aspects of quality of life in infertile men, women, or couples. The present systematic review was designed to assess these questionnaires and also identify different factors affecting infertile couples based on the...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3799267
Books to Borrow
by Verma, Gajendra K; Bagley, Christopher
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Sequel to: Personality, cognition, and values
Topics: Cognition, Adjustment (Psychology), Personality, Attitude (Psychology)
Books to Borrow
by Mussen, Paul Henry
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Topics: Child psychology, Personality in children
Behavior Genetics Principles Perspectives in Development Personality and Psychopathology
Topic: Behavior Genetics
Books to Borrow
by Wright, Lawrence
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Topics: Twins -- Psychology, Nature and nurture
Universal Library
by Mukerjee,Radhakamal.
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Topics: NATURAL SCIENCES, Biological sciences in general, Anthropogeny. Human development in general....
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by Scheinfeld, Amram, 1897-
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Successor to the author's You and heredity and The new you and heredity
Topics: Human genetics, Environment, Genetics, Medical, Hérédité
Books to Borrow
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xvi, 189 p. : 23 cm
Topics: Nature and nurture, Individual differences, Genetic psychology, Behavior genetics
MAKE IN INDIA is an scheme of Indian Government for promoting international, as well as domestic, organizations to produce goods in India. It was created by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014 with the motive to make India as a zenith place for FDI globally, leading China in addition to united states. MAKE IN INDIA is focussing on job creation , youth skilling, demand for skilled workforce in relation to skill development. Population of India is around 1.21 billion which is...
Topics: training, development, skill development, Management Development
Books to Borrow
by Peggy Klaus
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Topics: Communication in management, Business communication, Interpersonal relations, Psychology, Industrial
Community Texts
by www.freepdfpost.blogspot.com
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Human Resource Management Best Notes.
Topic: Commerce Books
Books to Borrow
by White, Alasdair
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Topics: Personnel & human resources management, Human Resources & Personnel Management, Management...
This manual was developed by a project to create a model program that integrates basic skills instruction with requirements of welfare reform, and the project's final report describes activities taken to develop the manual. The report details the problem, goals, procedures, objectives met and not met, and an evaluation. The manual is designed to assist adult literacy providers in Pennsylvania to integrate basic skills instruction with the requirements of welfare reform as a post-employment...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Basic Education, Basic Skills, Curriculum Development, Employment Services,...
The International Journal of Indian Psychology (e -ISSN 2348-5396 | P- ISSN 2349-3429) is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed, academic journal that examines the intersection of Psychology, Social sciences, Education, and Home science. The journal is an international electronic journal published in quarterly.  
Topic: Psychology
Folkscanomy: A Library of Books
by Maclean, Rupert; Jagannathan, Shanti; Sarvi, Jouko; SpringerLink (Online service)
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Skills Development for Inclusive and Sustainable Growth in Developing Asia-Pacific Author: Rupert Maclean, Shanti Jagannathan, Jouko Sarv Published by Springer Netherlands ISBN: 978-94-007-5936-7 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-5937-4 Table of Contents: Skills Development Issues, Challenges, and Strategies in Asia and the Pacific Lifelong Learning: Meaning, Challenges, and Opportunities Vocationalisation of Secondary and Tertiary Education: Challenges and Possible Future Directions Education,...
Topics: Education, Education, Professional & Vocational Education
Wellesley College Library
by Herskovits, Melville J. (Melville Jean), 1895-1963
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"Printed in Germany by J. J. Augustin, Glückstadt ... in April 1938 for J. J. Augustin, publisher, New York City."
Topics: Acculturation, Ethnology
http://uf.catalog.fcla.edu/uf.jsp?st=UF025253416&ix=pm&I=0&V=D&pm=1
Topics: Student counselors--Training of, Empathy, Personality.
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Includes bibliographical references (p. 351-359) and index
Topics: Older people, Aging, Old age
Books to Borrow
by Saravia-Shore, Marietta; Arvizu, Steven F., 1941-
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Includes bibliographical references and index
Topics: Multicultural education, Intercultural communication, Education, Bilingual, Educational anthropology
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by Block, Jeanne H. (Jeanne Humphrey), 1923-1981
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xxii, 327 pages ; 24 cm
Topics: Sex role, Sex differences (Psychology), Ego (Psychology), Women -- Psychology, Ego, Identification...
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by LeVine, Robert Alan, 1932- comp
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Includes bibliographies
Topics: Personality and culture, Personality, Culture, Personnalité et culture, Gesellschaft, Individuum
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by Duley, Margot I; Edwards, Mary I
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Includes bibliographies
Topics: Women, Femmes, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Women
Books to Borrow
by Gross, Ira, 1933-; Downing, John A., 1922-1987; D'Heurle, Adma
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Includes bibliographies and indexes
Topics: Sex role, Children, Child mental health, Social change, Gender identity, Culture
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xvi, 299 p. 23 cm
Topic: Women -- Bibliography
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by Friedman, Howard S; Schustack, Miriam W., 1952-
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Includes bibliographical references (p. 495-525) and indexes
Topics: Personality, Persoonlijkheidstheorieën, Persönlichkeitspsychologie
Universal Library
by Bert kaplan
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Books to Borrow
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Includes bibliographical references (p. [241]-252) and index
Topics: Cognition and culture, East and West, Cross-Cultural Studies, Psychology, Comparative, Western...
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Defense Technical Information Archive
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Radicalization to violence is a clear and present threat to public safety and security in Canada. Radicalization is defined by the RCMP as the process by which individuals are introduced to an overtly ideological message and belief system that encourages movement from moderate, mainstream beliefs toward extreme views. Effectively managing the threat of radicalization will require good understanding of the psychological processes that underlie radicalization. This report is the result of...
Topics: DTIC Archive, HUMANSYSTEMS INC GUELPH (ONTARIO), *IDEOLOGY, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), RELIGION,...
PubMed Central
by Bhui, Kamaldeep S; Hicks, Madelyn H; Lashley, Myrna; Jones, Edgar
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This article is from BMC Medicine , volume 10 . Abstract Background: Very recent acts of terrorism in the UK were perpetrated by 'homegrown', well educated young people, rather than by foreign Islamist groups; consequently, a process of violent radicalization was proposed to explain how ordinary people were recruited and persuaded to sacrifice their lives. Discussion: Counterterrorism approaches grounded in the criminal justice system have not prevented violent radicalization. Indeed there is...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3305506
The NATO Human Factors and Medicine Research and Technology Task Group 140, Psychosocial, Organizational and Cultural Aspects of Terrorism Final Report gives a comprehensive look at the issues of terrorism, radicalization, counter radicalization, and deradicalization and addresses resilience to terrorism as well. It examines the role of instigators, ideologues, supporters and operators, and the effects of terrorism on those working to fight it, those who work in high threat security...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NATO RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION NEUILLY-SUR-SEINE (FRANCE), *SOCIAL...
This thesis will scrutinize the histories of our nation's three most prolific domestic lone wolf terrorists: Timothy McVeigh, Ted Kaczynski, and Eric Rudolph. It will establish a chronological pattern to their radicalization and reveal that their communal ideological beliefs, psychology, attributes, traits, training, and education take place along a common chronological timeline. Their pattern of radicalization can be used as an indicator of lone wolf terrorist radicalization development in...
Topics: DTIC Archive, NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA DEPT OF NATIONAL SECURITY AFFAIRS, *TERRORISTS,...
This study investigated developmental changes in memory performance for two contrasting populations in Urban and Rural Yucatan, Mexico. Subjects were divided into five groups defined by age, including children and adults. All urban S's were in school, while only the two younger rural groups were in school, and older rural S's had little or no schooling. The S's were tested on a short-term and incidental memory task. Developmental trends in memory performance for the Urban educated S's were very...
Topics: Adults, Attention, Cross Cultural Studies, Cross Sectional Studies, Educational Background,...
Most young children are exuberant and enthusiastic about their futures, believing they can do almost anything. But many eventually lose hope. Efforts to understand at what developmental point children lose hope is the focus of this paper. Students in grades 1 through 12 (N=990) who attend Catholic and public schools were administered the Children's Hope Scale or the Young Children's Hope Scale for the purpose of determining the relationship of the variables of age, ethnicity, and gender to hope...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Black Students, Catholic Schools, Child Development, Children,...
Differences between 50 Israeli and 87 American students in grades 9 through 12 were investigated using the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking-Figural Form A. Results showed that Israeli students scored higher than the American students in grades 9, 10 and 12 on fluency and flexibility. Israeli students scored higher on originality only in grade 10, while American students scored higher on elaboration only in grade 11. A quadratic trend was observed for fluency, flexibility, and elaboration...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescents, Age Differences, Biographical Inventories, Creativity, Creativity...
In this study of prominent characteristics of parenting in the United States, France, and Japan, 72 mother-infant dyads were examined. The study focused on three prominent interactive domains of visual and vocal exchange between mother and baby (nurturing, social exchange, and didactic stimulation), examining their frequency of occurrence and patterns of covariation. Findings revealed significant main effects of culture, with American mothers showing significantly higher rates of object...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavior Development, Child Rearing, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences,...
This paper reports to attempt to replicate in Britain Britton and Tesser's (1991) study of the relationship between scores on a time management scale and college grades using a larger sample size and a British (rather than American) student population. Subjects were 302 psychology students who completed the 18-item scale after their first term of study. Results were compared with data on an end-of-year examination, coursework grades awarded during the year, and the final end-of-year grade....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, College Students, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries,...
Traditionally the sex ratio has been the domain of demographers and social biologists. This study takes the societal phenomenon of sex ratio imbalance as context, but focuses on the social psychological impact of perceived mate availability. One-half the contents of the 1989 Southern California Social Survey was devoted to the issue of mate availability and its attitudinal and psychological correlates. Subjects (N=1,116) were adults, with Blacks and Latinos oversampled. Two indicators of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Attitudes, Blacks, Cross Cultural Studies, Females, Latin Americans, Marriage, Mate...
This literature and research review was conducted to provide an Aboriginal perspective to the work of the Western Canadian Protocol Social Studies K-12 Project. The Project is a positive step toward rebuilding cooperative relationships between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples, and will also provide the students of western Canada with an understanding and respect for diversity. The first three sections of this paper review: (1) the history of Aboriginal education (traditional education,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indian Culture, American Indian Education, American Indian History, Canada...
Interest in career development and career counseling is growing in Korea. Nevertheless, neither the research nor the literature adequately address the question as to what applications can be cross-culturally transferred from career counseling centers in the United States to Korea. This study qualitatively examines the practice of career counseling in seven university career counseling centers in the United States in a search for concepts and methods that may be cross-culturally applied to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Publicity, Information Technology, Career Development, Career...
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions, identification and treatment of students with behavior problems or disorders in India and the United States. Participants in the study were students and teachers in the United States and India. A qualitative approach included in-depth interviews and participant observations. These were conducted in classrooms both in India and the United States with teachers, students, and their parents/guardians. Data analysis reflected ongoing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Behavior Problems, Cross Cultural Studies, Behavior Disorders, Foreign Countries,...
This study attempts to reinforce developmental theory concerning spatial Comprehension by building on the qualitative observations of art educators of the past, and by strengthening the empirical basis of contemporary investigations into the relationship between pictorial representations, intellectual maturity, and environmental stimulation. Drawings from a wide variety of cultures were studied to determine whether the sequence and rate at which developmental characteristics appear are similar,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abstract Reasoning, Age Differences, Cognitive Development, Concept Formation, Cross...
Studies concerned with factors related to perceptions of the elderly have found that educational attainment is the only variable to show a consistently positive relationship with the way people view the aged. The goal of this curriculum model is to develop a training program that incorporates racial/ethnic content relevant to practitioners in health care. For purposes of the study, it is assumed that the majority of students currently enrolled in the health professions are non-minority...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Curriculum Design, Ethnic Studies, Geriatrics, Health Needs, Higher Education,...
Encompassing a synthesis of studies exploring folktales and culture (more specifically cultural character) this report points out that the anthropologist or folklorist must gain familiarity with the culture and its members to gain some understanding of its integrative themes to determine whether they express wish fulfillment or reaction formation. The notion that a modal personality can be delineated for empirical examination through intensive study of the particular folklore of a particular...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anthropology, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Background, Cultural Education,...
PubMed Central
by Martinez Mateo, M.; Cabanis, M.; Stenmanns, J.; Krach, S.
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This article is from Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , volume 7 . Abstract Within the emerging field of cultural neuroscience (CN) one branch of research focuses on the neural underpinnings of “individualistic/Western” vs. “collectivistic/Eastern” self-views. These studies uncritically adopt essentialist assumptions from classic cross-cultural research, mainly following the tradition of Markus and Kitayama (1991), into the domain of functional neuroimaging. In this perspective article...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3689037
Little information is available on the smoking behavior of young people in developing countries and how such data would compare with data on smoking behavior of young people in the United States. Historical and sociological data were examined to compare the smoking behavior of adolescents in the Republic of China with the smoking behavior of adolescents in the United States. In addition, secondary school students in the United States and in China completed a 62-item questionnaire on smoking...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences,...
This cross-cultural study compared the lives of Chinese children and British expatriate children, assessed the children's perception of potentially stressful life events, and examined the relationship between the children's cognitive maturity and their adjustment skills. Subjects were 25 British preschool children living in Singapore and 25 local Singaporean Chinese children between the ages of 4 and 6 years. The two stressors examined in this study were separation anxiety and relocation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adjustment (to Environment), Cognitive Development, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural...
This paper reviews some of the issues in the new literacy studies and the questions, from an anthropological perspective, of self, person, and identity that affect literacy practices. It is suggested that in discussing literacy, it is better to start from a cultural viewpoint rather than an educational one. The traditional autonomous model of literacy is critiqued, particularly the "we" of western cultures giving literacy to "them" in the developing world. The complexity of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Literacy, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Context, Developing Nations,...
A problem with gerontology theory is that it focuses on a social view of the aged, ignoring individual and cultural variables. A person is judged to have aged successfully if he has adjusted to society's definition of an "elderly person." Similarly, most studies of programs and options for the aged reflect the view of the service providers rather than the perceptions of the target population. A more realistic approach is to evaluate the needs and determine the success of a group of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Aging (Individuals), Cross Cultural Studies, Gerontology, Older Adults, Retirement,...
PubMed Central
by Medina, Claudia Obando; Jegannathan, Bhoomikumar; Dahlblom, Kjerstin; Kullgren, Gunnar
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This article is from BMC Psychiatry , volume 12 . Abstract Background: Whereas prevalence of suicidal expressions among young people is fairly similar in different countries, less is known about associated risk factors. This study compares young people in Nicaragua and Cambodia to examine if the pattern of association between mental health problems and suicidal expressions differs. Methods: 368 and 316 secondary school students, from each country respectively, participated. Self-reported...
Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3359217
This study examined cultural differences among elementary school parents' perceptions of literacy learning. Ten parents from each of three sociocultural groups were interviewed about their attitudes toward emergent literacy: (1) white-collar Chinese-Canadians; (2) white-collar Euro-Canadians; and (3) blue-collar Indo-Canadians. It found that about 84 percent of Euro-Canadian parents' responses were congruent with an emergent literacy perspective, while 63 percent of the Indo-Canadian and 54...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Educational Attitudes, Elementary...
Problems encountered in cross-cultural research are discussed in this report which describes a study of the relationship between social class differences and maternal teaching patterns of 2- and 3-year-old children. The study involved a total of 63 mother-child dyads from middle- and working-class groups in Bristol, England and 34 Kuwaiti mother-child dyads from a traditional middle-class group and a group in which middle-class status was recently achieved. English mothers' teaching style and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Learning Activities, Measurement...
This cross-cultural study tests a model of motivation on children's learning. Participating in the study are 805 Chinese students and 740 Canadian students. Students answered survey questions related to their perceptions of parents and teachers as well as their motivation orientations and the perceived level of control in learning; their homeroom teachers also provided a rating on their diligence and performance in school. The results showed that of the four types of motivation orientation...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Children, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries,...
The purposes of this cross-cultural experiment were to: (1) observe whether nonverbal teacher warmth increases the learning and verbal communication of Eskimo students, and (2) determine if Eskimos are more sensitive than whites to teacher warmth. Twenty village Eskimo students and 20 urban white students from the ninth grade, equally divided by sex, attended 2 college guidance and information sessions. The instructor (a 26-year-old white female) behaved in a warm style in one and in a neutral,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Body Language, Cross Cultural Studies, Eskimos, Grade 9, Interviews, Learning,...
This book contains the following papers from a European research seminar examining the history and theory of cross-cultural communication in adult education: "Introduction: Encounters and Identities in European Adult Education since 1890" (Barry J. Hake, Stuart Marriott); "The University Extension Movement (1892-1914) in Ghent, Belgium in Comparative Perspective" (Dirk van Damme); "Adaptation of an Educational Innovation: The Introduction of University Extension into...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Context,...
This document presents, in two parts, ideas and information which were gathered from eight monthly seminars. Part 1, "Developmental and Cross-Cultural Patterns of Youth," examines what is known about developmental norms regarding youth in general in respect to their attitudes at different ages towards rules and authority. It is found that in the societies studied youth look more alike than different on perceptions of what is a rule, what is a law, etc. and that age has a greater...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Problems, Conflict, Conformity, Cross Cultural Studies,...
This study reports the administration of the Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI) (J. Kouzes and B. Posner, 1995) to 28 graduate students in educational administration at a university in the Southwest of the United States and 28 students at a university in Mexico. The limitations of this quantitative measure are examined, and comparisons of leadership across cultures are made. The U.S. educators scored significantly higher than did Mexican educators on all five of the inventory's leadership...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cross Cultural Studies, Educational Practices, Foreign Countries, Graduate Students,...
A study using a cross-sectional survey technique compared the uses of American television by 276 native American and 83 nonnative American children. Uses of American television were defined in terms of motivation for television viewing, preference for television programs, patterns of exposure to television, identification with television characters, and perceived reality of television characters and events. Bivariate statistical techniques were used to analyze the data. Results showed that...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Acculturation, Characterization, Children, Comparative Analysis, Cross Cultural...
This section, from a larger report describing a project designed to systematically investigate how religious and traditional values are represented in today's public school curricula, addresses the question of why values should be taught, and if so, what rationale for teaching values is most defensible. Education systems have conducted enculturation through thousands of years of history and pre-history. On the basis of anthropology it is argued that values are an inescapable part of any culture...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Education, Educational...
There is considerable awareness among Israeli mental health workers and citizens of the importance of differentiating between acute or chronic reactions to severely stressful life situations and manifestations of mental illness and anxiety, or developmental and adjustment disorders. Israeli mental health workers have become expert and are heavily committed to treating stress-related phenomena. While manuals are available for dealing with stress reactions in school children, teachers, and mental...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adolescent Development, Adolescents, Anxiety, Bias, Child Development, Children,...
Counseling which emphasizes spiritual concerns in treatment approaches must note the impact of alcoholism on different racial groups; counselors should not presume that the dominant culture's definition of spirituality applies to the client. The spiritual development of recovering alcoholics within the context of their culture is the focus of this paper. It examines the quantitative and qualitative aspects of spiritual well-being in recovering Caucasian, Native American, and African American...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Alcoholism, American Indians, Blacks, Comparative Analysis, Counseling Techniques,...
The construct of self-esteem has received considerable attention in recent years. Self-esteem is defined as a personal judgment of worthiness that is expressed in attitudes that individuals hold for themselves. This study compared self-esteem of American and Chinese children. Subjects included 446 American elementary school students from the midwest and 437 Chinese elementary school students from Taiwan. Subjects were administered the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Form B. The Self-Esteem...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Elementary Education, Elementary School...
This paper reports the results of a study that compared the strategies used by three different groups of upper secondary school students to regulate their own learning processes: 248 Australian students, 215 Japanese students at Japanese schools, and 30 Japanese students at Australian schools. The ways in which strategies are categorized were found to be important in making comparisons between the groups. Although students used a similar range of strategies across the three groups, the pattern...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Comprehension, Cross Cultural Studies,...
In this study, differential substance use between American and Australian college students was assessed through administration of a survey concerning recent use of six commonly used psychoactive substances (cigarettes, chewing tobacco, alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, and caffeine). Situational contexts associated with the use of each particular substance were also investigated, along with the motivating factors that prompted different types of substance use. Students (N=195) attending college in a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Cocaine, College Students, Cross Cultural Studies, Drinking, Foreign Countries,...
The primary purpose of the present investigation is to study the relation between maternal communication and the child's resistance to temptation during an experimental task, among Italian and Canadian families. The nature of maternal communication was assessed by analyzing the verbal behavior of the mother while in discussion with her child. A series of mother-child pairs were given three experimental tasks which required that mother and child reach a concensus. The tasks were designed so as...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Catholics, Conflict, Conformity, Content Analysis, Cross Cultural Studies,...
Books to Borrow
by Wagner, Daniel A., 1946-,Stevenson, Harold W. (Harold William), 1924-2005
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Includes bibliographical references (pages 280-303) and index
Topics: Child psychology, Cognition in children, Enfants, Cognition chez l'enfant, Kinderpsychologie,...
This contribution is based on the assumption that implicit theories influence the subjective action space and hence the learning behavior of students. The implicit theory that an individual holds of an intelligent person is of particular importance in this context. For this cross-cultural study, we asked 200 students from Kenya and Germany to draw an intelligent person and then to rate the typicality of the drawing with respect to a number of attributes. The data indicated considerable...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Theories, Intelligence, Individual...
Achievement motivation recently has been examined as a four-factor construct. Fiji, part of the British Commonwealth, provides an interesting testing ground for the question of different achievement patterns for different ethnic groups. The achievement motivation levels of high school students from four ethnic groups and university students from Fijian and Indo-Fijian ethnic groups were examined using a four-factor scale, self-esteem, and attitudes toward women. Significant ethnic group...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Achievement Need, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences,...
Although research in the area of communication apprehension (CA) has been extensive, little of it has attempted to identify the regularity and intensity of the nonverbal stress behaviors associated with CA. Additionally, most CA research has concentrated on the problem in North American settings. To extend the boundaries of CA research, a study investigated CA interculturally, focusing on the identification, regularity, and intensity of nonverbal stress behaviors in speaking situations through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Anxiety, Behavior Patterns, College Students, Communication Apprehension,...
This book represents a synthesis of current knowledge about the physical, cognitive and social development of young children who live in the developing countries of Africa, Asia, Latin-America, and Oceania. The book develops five major themes: (1) It views child development in a comparative fashion, examining universal sequences in development as well as the diverse behavior patterns that are adaptive in a wide variety of cultural contexts. (2) It focuses on the interrelationship of biological,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Books, Child Development, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive...
Cultural reciprocity refers to the dynamic and material exchange of knowledge, values, and perspectives between two or more individuals of different cultural (e.g., racial, ethnic, socioeconomic, religious) backgrounds. In this paper, cultural reciprocity is discussed as it pertains to professors of education and their students, based on the history of their interactions and diversity of experiences in cross-cultural settings. The ongoing study is personal and collaborative as a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Case Studies, Constructivism (Learning), Cultural Awareness, Cultural Influences,...
After reviewsing the literature relative to culture and cognition, an hypothetical model was developed to explain some aspects of concept learning and cognitive development. To test aspects of the model, 3 tests which had had prior use in cross-cultural studies and 5 original tests were administered individually to 34 Stoney Indian and 34 Euro-American 8-year-old children derived from the same geographic region in Alberta, Canada. Tested was the relationship between cognitive learning and: (1)...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Abstract Reasoning, American Indians, Anglo Americans, Children, Cognitive...
This study analyzed responses to members of different outgroups or persons of another nationality, race, religion, culture, and social class in formerly West and East Germany and in the United States. These analyses support the position that a person's general values, specifically materialism or postmaterialsim, and general beliefs concerning control issues are related to the degree of prejudice shown. Cross-cultural research contributes to understanding of the underlying dynamics of prejudice....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Bias, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Locus of Control,...